How Steel Was Tempered

Igor Grubić

2D animation

year: 2018

format: DCP
duration: 12'40"

production: Kreativni sindikat
distribution: Bonobostudio

A father takes his son to an abandoned factory where he once worked. The building has long been reduced to a crumbling symbol of the new system. Nonetheless, the space will briefly be brought to life by recorded scenes of workers solidarity, inspiring a small gesture of defiance. That symbolic act will turn into a moment of catharsis and re-establish the relationship between the father and son.


More About the Film

Scriptwriter and director: Igor Grubić
Character design and layout: Marko Meštrović
Animation: David Lovrić, Siniša Mataić, Marko Meštrović
Cinematographers: Josip Ivančić, Igor Grubić
Editors: Iva Kraljević, Marko Ferković, Igor Grubić
Music: Alen Sinkauz, Nenad Sinkauz, Bojan Gagić
Sound design: Boris Wagner
Sound mix: Ivan Zelić
Post-production: Filip Filković, Natko Stipaničev, Bold Studio
Producer: Igor Grubić

Igor Grubić has been working as a multimedia artist since the early 1990s. His work includes site-specific interventions in public spaces, photography, and film. In 2000, he started to work as a producer and author of documentaries, TV reports, and socially engaged advertisements. His work has been exhibited internationally, receiving several awards.

Ingresso Animali Vivi (2023), How Steel Was Tempered (2018), Monument (2015), Capitalism Follows Socialism (2012), Woman with a Candle (co-author with Lana Cmajcanin) (2011), East Side Story (2008), Angels with Dirty Faces (2006)


  • Special Mention, Animafest Zagreb 2018
  • Special Mention, Tabor Film Festival 2018
  • ASIFA Croatia Award for Best Professional Film 2018
  • Special Mention, Anilogue International Animation Festival 2018


Animafest Zagreb - World Festival of Animated Film (4/6-9/6/2018)
Croatian Film Days (16/6-20/6/2018)
Diversions International Short Film Festival (25/6-1/7/2018)
Fest Anca International Animation Festival (28/6-1/7/2018)
Tabor Film Festival (5/7-8/7/2018)
Supertoon International Animation Festival (22/7-27/7/2018)
Motovun Film Festival (24/7-28/7/2018)
DokuFest International Documentary and Short Film Festival (3/8-11/8/2018)
Anibar International Animation Festival (13/8-19/8/2018)
Films Like No Others, Bol (16/8-19/8/2018)
Hiroshima International Animation Festival (23/8-27/8/2018)
Turku Animated Film Festival (29/8-2/9/2018)
Videomedeja International Video Festival (31/8 – 2/9/2018)
Pančevo Film Festival (5/9-9/9/2018)
3D Wire Fest (1/10-7/10/2018)
Balkanima European Animated Film Festival (2/10-6/10/2018)
CinEast Central and Eastern European Film Festival (4/10-21/10/2018)
Sedicicorto International Film Festival (5/10-14/10/2018)
Banjaluka International Animation Festival (24/10-28/10/2018)
Kuandu International Animation Festival (28/10-4/11/2018)
Séquence International Short Film Festival (21/11-25/11/2018)
Anilogue International Animation Festival (28/11-2/12/2018)
Animateka International Animated Film Festival (3/12-9/12/2018)
Piccolo Festival Animazione (27/12-29/12/2018)
GLAS Animation Festival (21/3-24/3/2019)
SEEfest South East European Festival, Los Angeles (1/5-8/5/2019)
Venice Biennale (11/5-24/11/2019)
Ecofalante Environmental Film Festival (30/5-12/6/2019)
Santiago del Estero Film Festival (25/6-29/6/2019)
ShorTS International Film Festival (28/6-6/7/2019)